Egypt never fails to astonish with its stunning and colossal monuments and the heat, light, and sight of the desert invigorate. No place can match the magic, mystery, and pleasures of Egypt.
Egypt may be undergoing a post-uprising slump, but the country still reigns as one of the most incredible destinations to discover ancient civilization and explore magnificent temples and historic sites.
These timeless and majestic structures awe us with their beauty. They have outlived many kingdoms and provide the contemporary citizens a passageway into history, which is as colossal as the landscape they rose from.
Following are some of the popular sight-seeing spots among the tourists:
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Pyramids of Giza
The visit to Egypt would be incomplete without visiting the Giza plateau, which is beholding. Situated just outside of Cairo, The Giza Necropolis is home to the Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, which is the oldest and largest of the pyramids.
For thousands of years, it was the tallest artificial structure on the planet. Two other pyramids dedicated to Khafre and Menkaure also loom large on the majestic plateau. To the east of the Great Pyramids, there are piles of rubble which once were the Queens’ Pyramids in honor of Khufu’s wives and sisters.
The Great Sphinx
Situated to the south of the great pyramid is the great sphinx, a monumental symbol of Egypt for ages. It is the world’s most giant monolithic statue and holds a vigil over the ancient plateau. It’s a mythical beast with a human head and lion’s body made of limestone and sits couchant forever. In Arabic, it’s called Ab al Hl, which translates to “Father of Terror”.
The Valley of Kings
Located near the west bank of Luxor, the valley of kings gives an eerie feel where the ancient Egyptians preserved the bodies of their Pharaohs in spectacular tombs for almost 500 years. The tombs of Tutankhamen and Ramses IV were discovered here in 1922, virtually intact.
During his rule as the Pharaoh of Egypt in the 13th century, Ramses II oversaw the construction of the two spectacular rock temples situated near Lake Nasser. They are counted among the world’s priceless treasures. The enormous temple is dedicated to Ramses II and features four impressive statues of the Pharaoh standing at 67ft high with heads about 4 meters wide.
The smaller temple is dedicated to “Hathor” the goddess of love and beauty in honor of his favorite wife, Nefertari. It features a facade wherein Ramses II and Nefertari are shown as acquiring divine attributes. In the 1960s, after the construction of Aswan High Dam, the water from Lake Nasser threatened to flood the temples.
Consequently, a successful campaign by the Egyptian Government and UNESCO was undertaken to move them to their current location. Later the surrounding area of the Abu Simbel Temples and the Sanctuary of Isis as Philae was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and referred to as the Nubian Monuments.