Create your own CSS Responsive Web Form without using any framework

I am sure there are many examples or samples on building or creating a simple Responsive Web Form. But I guess this will be really useful for every front-end web developer out there, know why? In this example, I have transformed the most complicated web form approaches into responsive, which is compatible in Mobile or Tablets with different resolutions available out there and most important browser compatible.

In this responsive web form framework, I just want to keep this form as simple as possible & want to keep this clean and more like a handy framework so that anyone can apply colors or skin it easily with just minor tweaks of CSS. As you know we have to use media queries to achieve browser and device compatibility.

Here is a quick step of what I have done:

  1. Created a basic HTML
  2. Created a DIV based grid to place labels and inputs (As I want to avoid tables as far as possible)
  3. Then created basic styles for form elements and
  4. Changed the media queries as desired

Have a look at this demo first and then can check the below styles and HTML to achieve the same:

Example 1 | Example 2 | Download

Here is the HTML Code:

<form name="wittysparks" id="ws" method="post" action="#">
<div class="divform">
	<div class="r">
		<div class="c"><label for="Firstname">First Name:</label><input id="Firstname" name="Firstname" type="text" /></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="Middlename">Middle Name:</label><input id="Middlename" name="Middlename" type="text" /></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="Lastname">Last Name:</label><input id="Lastname" name="Lastname" type="text" /></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="Email">Email:</label><input id="Email" name="Email" type="text" /></div>
	<div class="r">
		<div class="c"><span class="fheading">Membership</span><input id="rdiobox" name="rdiobox" type="radio" value="Premium" /><label for="rdiobox">Premium</label> <input id="rdiobox2" name="rdiobox" type="radio" value="Free" /><label for="rdiobox2">Free</label></div>
		<div class="c"><span class="fheading">Newsletter</span><input id="chkbox" name="chkbox" type="checkbox" value="Checkbox" /><label for="chkbox">Yes / No</label></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="Telephoneno">Tel:</label><input id="Telephoneno" name="Telephoneno" type="text" /></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="DOB">D.O.B:</label><input id="DOB" name="DOB" type="text" /></div>
	<div class="r">
		<div class="c"><label for="Occupation">Occupation:</label><input id="Occupation" name="Occupation" type="text" /></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="Country">Country:</label><select name="Country" id="Country"><option selected="selected">U.S</option><option>India</option></select></div>
		<div class="c"><label for="City">City:</label><select id="City" name="city"><option selected="selected">New York</option></select></div>
	<div class="r">
		<div class="c frwd"><label for="Comments">Comments:</label><textarea id="Comments" name="Comments" rows="3"></textarea></div>
	<div class="r">
		<div class="c"><input name="button" type="submit" value="Submit" /></div>

Below is the CSS code I have come up with to achieve this responsive web form:

body{ font:normal 12px/25px Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif}
.divform .r{display:table-row}
.divform .c{display:table-cell;padding:5px 0px;vertical-align:middle}
input[type="text"], select, label{height:30px}
input[type="text"], select, textarea, label, input[type="submit"]{margin:0 5px}
input[type="text"], select, textarea{padding:5px;width:96%;border:1px solid #CCC;-webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.075);-moz-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.075);
box-shadow: inset 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.075);border-radius:4px}
input[type="submit"]{margin-top:15px;background-color:#F5F5F5;color:#444444;border:1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);padding:5px;font-weight:bold;box-shadow:0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.2) inset, 0 1px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05);border-radius:4px;background-color:#F5F5F5;background-image:-moz-linear-gradient(top, #ffffff, #e6e6e6);background-image:-webkit-gradient(linear, 0 0, 0 100%, from(#ffffff), to(#e6e6e6));background-image:-webkit-linear-gradient(top, #ffffff, #e6e6e6);background-image:-o-linear-gradient(top, #ffffff, #e6e6e6);background-image:linear-gradient(to bottom, #ffffff, #e6e6e6);background-repeat:repeat-x}
input[type="radio"], input[type="checkbox"]{margin:0 0 0 2%;padding:0;vertical-align:middle}
input[type="text"], select, textarea, .divform, .divform .r, .divform .c, form{box-sizing:border-box;-moz-box-sizing:border-box;-webkit-box-sizing:border-box}

/* iPads (portrait and landscape) */
@media only screen and (min-width:480px) and (max-width:1024px){
body{ font:normal 16px/30px Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif}
.divform, .divform .r, .divform .c{display:block}
.divform .r{clear:both}
.divform .c{width:50%;float:left;padding-left:10px;padding-right:10px}
.divform .c:nth-child(2n+3){clear:left}
label, .fheading, input[type="submit"]{margin-left:0;text-indent:0}
textarea, input[type="text"], select{width:100%;margin:0}
input[type="radio"], input[type="checkbox"]{margin:0 5px;padding:0;vertical-align:middle}
.ver2 .c{width:35%}
.ver2 .c:nth-child(2n+2){width:65%}
.c.frwd textarea, .c.frwd input[type="text"], .c.frwd select{width:100%}
.ver2 .frwd.c:nth-child(2n+2){width:100%}

/* Smartphones (portrait and landscape) */
@media only screen and (max-width:480px){
body{ font:normal 16px/30px Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif}
h1{margin:0 0 20px 0}
label, .fheading, input[type="submit"]{margin:0;text-indent:0}
.divform, .divform .r, .divform .c{display:block}
.divform .r{clear:both}
input[type="text"], select, textarea{width:100%;margin:0}
input[type="radio"], input[type="checkbox"]{margin:0 2%}

/* Only Safari */
@media screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio:0) {

Hope this helps and saves a lot of valuable time for many front-end web developers out there.

Why not share your opinion about this and let us know your valuable feedback or any suggestions or comments to enhance this further, would love to hear from you all.

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