How To Choose The Right Mobile Test Automation Framework?

Top mobile test automation framework

Considering the continuously expanding adoption of mobile devices and the fast-paced nature of mobile app development, more than manual testing is required to ensure app quality and reliability.

Test automation helps to reduce the time and cost associated with manual testing while improving testing accuracy and coverage. It allows quicker feedback on app changes and updates, leading to a better user experience and increased customer satisfaction.

Mobile test automation is important because it allows efficient and effective testing of mobile applications across different devices, platforms, and operating systems.

According to a report by MarketsandMarkets, the global mobile test automation market size is expected to grow from USD 1.0 billion in 2020 to USD 2.2 billion by 2025 at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 16.6% during the forecast period. However, the only thing that restricts most development companies and tech firms from leveraging the power of test automation technology is access to the right technology.

Most of the time, testers and developers cannot dive into the deepest depths of the project requirements while selecting the right test automation framework. In this article, we aim to underline all the factors that make an ideal test automation framework while learning the essential aspects to keep in mind while making a choice. Apart from these, we will highlight all the key tools or frameworks that are changing the entire concept of mobile test automation.

Let’s begin!

What Makes An Ideal Mobile Test Automation Framework?

A survey by Kobiton found that 87% of mobile app developers use some form of test automation. That number is expected to grow as the complexity and frequency of app releases increase.

Thus, an ideal mobile test automation framework should be flexible, scalable, maintainable, and support multiple testing types while integrating seamlessly with other tools and providing comprehensive reporting capabilities.

An ideal mobile test automation framework should have the following characteristics:

  1. Scalability: The framework should scale up or down based on the changing requirements of the application under test. It should be able to handle many test cases and support parallel execution on multiple devices.
  2. Cross-platform Compatibility: The framework should support testing across multiple platforms (e.g., iOS, Android, etc.) and devices (e.g., smartphones, tablets, etc.). This ensures the application is tested on various devices, providing greater test coverage.
  3. Ease of Maintenance: The framework should be easy to maintain, update and modify as the application evolves. It should be designed with modularity and reusability in mind, with a clear separation of concerns between the test and application codes.
  4. Integration With Other Tools: The framework should be able to integrate with other tools in the development and testing ecosystem, such as continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) tools, defect tracking systems, and test management tools.
  5. Comprehensive Reporting: The framework should generate comprehensive and meaningful reports that provide visibility into the test results and help identify areas for improvement. The reports should be easily consumable and accessible to all stakeholders involved in the testing process.
  6. Support For Multiple Testing Types: The framework should support various testing types, such as functional, performance, security, and usability testing. This helps ensure that the application is thoroughly tested from all angles.

Finding The Right Mobile Test Automation Framework

A mobile test automation framework provides a structure for organizing and executing tests and helps automate the testing process. A good framework should provide the necessary features and tools to create, maintain, and execute tests efficiently.

Picking the right framework can save time and resources, improve test coverage, and increase the effectiveness of the testing process. A well-designed framework can also help identify defects early in the development cycle, reducing the risk of releasing a flawed application to users. Some key factors to consider while choosing the right mobile test automation framework include:

Application Requirements

Consider the specific requirements of your application, such as the platform, device types, and testing types required. Choose a framework that is compatible with your application’s requirements.

Testing Approach

Determine the testing approach that best suits your application, such as behavior-driven development (BDD), test-driven development (TDD), or a combination of both. Choose a framework that supports your chosen testing approach.

Learning Curve

Evaluate the learning curve of the framework and the skill level required to use it. Choose a framework that is easy to learn and use, particularly if your team is new to mobile test automation.

Community Support

Choose a framework with a strong and active community. Consider the size and activity level of the community supporting the framework. This can help you quickly resolve issues and stay updated with the latest trends and best practices.

Integration With Other Tools

Determine if the framework integrates with other tools in your development and testing ecosystem, such as CI/CD, defect tracking systems, and test management tools.


Evaluate the framework’s scalability in terms of handling a large number of test cases and supporting parallel execution on multiple devices.


Consider the total cost of ownership of the framework, including licensing fees, maintenance costs, and any necessary hardware and infrastructure costs.

Considering these factors, you can select a mobile test automation framework that aligns with your application requirements, testing approach, and budget while providing scalability, integration, and community support.

Top Mobile Test Automation Frameworks In The Market

All the existing mobile test automation frameworks provide a variety of features that can aid a developer or tester in automating the testing of mobile applications effectively and efficiently. Some of the few trending options that you might like to consider when searching for top mobile test automation tools can be:

  • Appium
  • Espresso
  • XCUITest
  • Calabash
  • Robotium
  • Selendroid
  • Katalon Studio
  • Appium: Appium is an open-source mobile automation framework that supports the testing of native, hybrid, and web applications for both iOS and Android platforms. Moreover, Appium supports various programming languages such as Java, Python, and Ruby.
  • Espresso: Espresso is an Android-specific testing framework that provides APIs for writing UI tests to simulate user interactions with the app. It is a lightweight framework that integrates seamlessly with Android Studio.
  • XCUITest: XCUITest is an iOS-specific testing framework that allows developers to write UI tests for iOS applications using Swift or Objective-C. It brings a simple and intuitive interface for simulating user interactions with the app.
  • Calabash: Calabash is an open-source framework that supports testing native and hybrid applications for both iOS and Android platforms. It provides APIs for writing automated tests using Ruby, Cucumber, and other programming languages.
  • Robotium: Robotium is an Android-specific testing framework that provides APIs for writing black-box UI tests for Android applications. It complements various programming languages, such as Java and Kotlin.
  • Selendroid: Selendroid is an open-source framework that supports the testing of native and hybrid applications for Android platforms. It provides APIs for writing tests using Java, Python, and other programming languages.
  • Katalon Studio: Katalon Studio is an all-in-one test automation tool that supports web and mobile application testing. It provides a user-friendly interface for writing tests using various programming languages such as Java, Groovy, and Python.


The future of mobile test automation looks bright, with continued growth and adoption expected in the coming years. As mobile devices and applications become more advanced and complex, test automation will play an increasingly critical role in ensuring app quality, reliability, and security.

One of the key trends that will drive the future of mobile test automation is the adoption of artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to improve testing accuracy and efficiency. This includes using AI-powered testing tools for test case generation, execution, and analysis and integrating AI into mobile app development and testing workflows.

Besides, it is the increased focus on test automation in agile and DevOps environments as organizations seek to accelerate their release cycles and reduce time-to-market. This includes continuous testing and integration practices to enable rapid feedback and ensure code changes are thoroughly tested before release.

All in all, the continued growth of the mobile industry and the increasing importance of mobile devices in our daily lives will drive demand for more sophisticated and advanced mobile test automation solutions. Therefore, access to new frameworks and tools that are more scalable, flexible, and capable of supporting the complex testing requirements of modern mobile applications is likely to be the deciding factor behind the success of mobile testing companies.

The featured image is created using Venngage Design Tool.

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