The heart is an important organ for every human on this earth, this heart has its own importance – but many people are getting drop dead in this world only because of heart attack or heart-related diseases.
According to WHO (The Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke), An estimated 17 million people die of CVDs (Cardio Vascular Diseases, particularly heart attacks and strokes, every year.
The deposition of fatty substances in the walls of coronary arteries (the arteries which supply heart muscle), causing them to narrow is called coronary atherosclerosis. Without good blood flow, the heart does not receive enough oxygen, leading to a heart attack. Heart attacks usually come on suddenly, but it is really the result of a process that takes years to develop.
Common causes of Heart Attack:
- Family history
- Personal history
Common human habits which lead to Heart Attack:
- High blood cholesterol levels
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High blood pressure
Results of Heart Attack:
- Chest pain (Angina)
- Irregular heartbeat (Arrhythmias)
- Feeling restless
- Clammy skin
- Loss of consciousness
What are the Ill Effects of Atherosclerosis:
- Atherosclerosis can lead to pain in the chest known as Angina.
- Atherosclerosis can lead to Heart Attack.
- Atherosclerosis can lead to stroke.
â€œFast Action Is The Best Weapon Against Heart Attackâ€
If a person is treated during the first 2 hours after a heart attack, early treatment can improve outcomes.
- Drugs like aspirin, analgesics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers
- Oxygen therapy
- Electrical Defibrillation
Learn about Angioplasty: Here is a brief video which explains clearly about Fat deposition in Arteries and how this procedure opens arteries. The treatments like Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) – often abbreviated to angioplasty – is a procedure to re-open a narrowed coronary artery.
- PTCA (Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty)
- Placement of a stent
- Forceful injection of Fibrinolytics
- Mechanical stripping of the inner lining of a blood vessel
- CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting)
Heart Healthy Diet:
- Whole grain cereals such as oatmeal & oat bran
- Diet rich in fruits & vegetables
- Legumes such as kidney beans, lentils, chickpeas & lima beans
- Low-salt food
- â€œBegin exercise well before atherosclerosis assumes a serious proportionâ€
- Physical activity can help you lose weight, cope better with stress & thereby reduce the risk.
Maintain a Healthy Weight:
- Atherosclerosis can be controlled at the beginning itself.
- Maintaining a healthy weight can decrease your risk factors for Atherosclerosis.
- Learn how to manage stress, relax, cope with problems & build up a social support network.
- These can improve your emotional as well as your physical health.
Give up Cigarette Smoking:
- Quitting smoking will help you control cholesterol & blood pressure, thereby lower your risk for heart problems.