Close Up and Macro Photography: The Basics

There are several types of photography, and many opportunities – when you have a keen eye – for that great photograph to come to life. The most enlivened of photographs come from close-up and macro photography.

These types of images are not limited by weather or seasons, nor are they limited by subjects or landscape. These miniscule details are often overlooked, but macro and close-up photography seems to capture a different world.

Close-up photos saturate the frame, and it is disconnected from the environment. Macro is a termed used to describe how large the subject of the photo is in comparison to the size of the photo. These are described with ratios that define the relationship between the subject and the photo. Macro lenses are made for DSLR digital cameras, and some cheaper close-up filters work for these shots as well.


When it comes to buying equipment for macro photography, you are definitely able to justify an excessively priced purchase. Two of the most important pieces for a macro photographer’s bag are lenses and filters.


Lenses are an integral part of being able to shoot a great close-up photograph. Macro lenses helps with magnification and effective f-stop as well as depth of field. Two great brands to look out for when searching for a great macro lens are both Canon and Nikon. Macro lenses are meant to enhance the pivotal shot of the macro photograph, shooting close up while focusing in. These types of lenses are less limited as they stage the nodal point away from the sensor.


Filters are a second vital piece of equipment when it comes to taking a macro photograph. Macro filters are not always worth their price tag according to some. Some photographers say that they are simply elegantly named magnifying glasses. But you will need filters along on a photoshoot because, whether or not it is a glorified magnifying glass, you will need to amplify how you view your subjects. Filters are important in this sense: the way you view your subjects, your keen photographer’s eye, is brought to life with a camera filter.



Light is one condition to consider when dealing in close-up photography. Both a light and dark background can massively improve a close-focus photograph. A photographer may position the object out of the frame so that it covers what could have been a distracting background. Make sure that the light or dark background that you are using for the background, and that it fits your subject and your vision. Spare, unnecessary light will also trick your camera into thinking light is increasing or decreasing and this could damage your shot as well.

Although macro photography is seen as a form of photography that is somewhat weather and season resistant, weather such as small breezes and bright sun light can hurt a great shot. If you can prepare ahead of time or choose a careful indoors shot, you will be get your shot. Macro lighting can be artificial. This more localized type of light, rather than mildly unpredictable natural light, can be easier to work with.

Back lighting creates silhouettes, while front lighting ensures that some shadowing is dimmed and the subject is illuminated. Side lighting helps these distinctive shadows, and bottom or top lighting is slightly different and less advantageous. It creates a deeper shadowed look, but can be used well in the right show.


Patience is an important aspect of photography as a whole, to be perfectly honest. However, it becomes crucial when you are becoming so closely engrossed in a subject. Waiting can be a large part of the time you spend taking this type of photograph.


Shutter Speed

Photographers can also use a shutter release device in macro photography. This improves control over macro photographs, and enhances the photo’s sharpness. If you use a quicker shutter speed along with a camera self-timer, you can minimize the effects of a shaky hand.


ISO can be better described as the aperture of a camera lens’ control. There are two contending factors. First is the resolution and sharpness of the location that is being focused on, as well as the distance that appears sharp. This second factor is known as depth of field. Because of the nature of the photograph, macro photograph has a lesser depth of field.

Look Closely

A photographer has a particular way of seeing terrene around them. Within macro photography, we are not just looking closely at the subject, but at the world around it. Once you’ve made sure that you are packing the right equipment along with the right mindset, as a photography, you will be able to share this particular view with the world.

Article By: Aside from primary area of interest and expertise in business consulting, Ian could be tagged also as a passionate sports fan, nature and photography enthusiast, always trying to keep up to date with tech innovations and development, with particular interest in trying to master the fine art of Social intelligence. He is currently working with Camera Warehouse.

Published by Nishitha

I am done with my Physiotherapy Graduation. And I always try to share Health and technology tips with people. Apart from Physiotherapy and being a tech savvy, I do explore more on Technology side and I keep sharing my findings with wider audience.

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